The promoters of ETFs in Europe enjoyed net inflows for April, and the assets under management in the European ETF industry increased, up to €651.9 bn at the end of April. With regard to the overall number of products, it was not surprising that equity funds (€465.7 bn) held the majority of the assets, followed by bond funds (€155.2 bn), commodity products (€20.0 bn), “other” funds (€6.6 bn), money market funds (€3.5 bn), mixed-asset funds (€0.7 bn), and alternative UCITS products (€0.3 bn).
Fund Flows by Asset Type
The increasing volatility took its toll on ETF flows during April. After weak flows during March, April (+€0.4 bn) was another sluggish month with regard to flows in the European ETF industry. Bond ETFs (+€1.3 bn) were the asset type with the highest net inflows of the European ETF industry, followed by commodity ETFs (+€0.4 bn), money market ETFs (+€0.1 bn), alternative UCITS ETFs (+€0.04 bn), and mixed-asset ETFs (+€0.01 bn). Meanwhile, “other” ETFs (-€0.1 bn) and equity ETFs (-€1.3 bn) posted net outflows
This flow pattern drove the overall net flows up to €20.4 bn for the year 2018 so far.
Assets Under Management by Lipper Global Classifications
With regard to the Lipper global classifications, the European ETF market was split into 155 different peer groups. The highest assets under management at the end of April were held by funds classified as Equity US (€104.1 bn), followed by Equity Eurozone (€57.0 bn), Equity Global (€52.4 bn), and Equity Europe (€37.6 bn) as well as Equity Emerging Markets Global (€35.7 bn). These five peer groups accounted for 44.00% of the overall assets under management in the European ETF segment, while the ten top classifications by assets under management accounted for 59.33%. Overall, 20 of the 155 peer groups each accounted for more than 1% of the assets under management. In total, these 20 peer groups accounted for €476.9 bn or 73.15% of the overall assets under management. In addition, it was noteworthy that the ranking of the largest peer groups was quite stable, indicating that European investors use the funds from these peer groups as core holdings and not just as so-called satellites that are bought and sold quite frequently to implement asset allocation views in the investors’ portfolios. These numbers show that the assets under management in the European ETF industry continued to be highly concentrated.
The peer groups on the other side of the table showed that some funds in the European ETF market are quite low in assets and may risk being closed in the near future. They are obviously lacking investor interest and might therefore not be profitable for the respective fund promoters. (Please read our report: “Is there a consolidation ahead in the European ETF industry?” for more details on this topic.)
Fund Flows by Lipper Global Classifications
With regard to the overall sales for April, it was surprising that Equity US (+€1.5 bn), followed by Equity Emerging Markets Global (+€0.8 bn) and Equity UK (+€0.5 bn), had the highest net inflows, since equity funds witnessed overall outflows for April. That said, the high inflows in the three peer groups at the top of the table may have indicated a shift in asset allocations of European investors, since the bottom of the table indicated that European investors decreased their holdings in European equities.
The inflows of the ten best selling Lipper classifications equalled to 992.64% of the overall net inflows. These numbers showed that the European ETF segment is also highly concentrated with regard to fund flows by sectors. Generally speaking, one would expect the flows into ETFs to be concentrated, since investors often use ETFs to implement their market views and short-term asset allocation decisions; these products are made for and therefore are easy to use for these purposes.
On the other side of the table the ten peer groups with the highest net outflows for April accounted for €4.6 bn of outflows. Equity Eurozone (-€1.6 bn) faced once again the highest net outflows, bettered by Equity Europe (-€0.9 bn) and Equity Germany (-€0.6 bn).
Assets Under Management by Promoters
A closer look at the assets under management in the European ETF industry by promoters also showed high concentration, since only 19 of the 49 ETF promoters in Europe held assets at or above €1.0 bn each. The largest ETF promoter in Europe—iShares (€297.1 bn)—accounted for 45.57% of the overall assets under management, far ahead of the number-two promoter—Xtrackers (€70.7 bn)—and the number-three promoter—Lyxor ETF (€65.0 bn). (To learn more about the concentration of the European ETF market at the promoter level, please read our report: Facts about the concentration in the European ETF industry.)
The ten top promoters accounted for 93.04% of the overall assets under management in the European ETF industry. This meant in turn that the other 39 fund promoters registering at least one ETF for sale in Europe accounted for only 6.96% of the overall assets under management.
Fund Flows by Promoters
Since the European ETF market is highly concentrated, it was not surprising that seven of the ten largest promoters by assets under management were among the ten top-selling ETF promoters for April. But it was surprising that Europe’s largest ETF promoter—iShares—wasn’t on the list of the ten best selling promoters for the month. Vanguard was the best selling ETF promoter in Europe for April (+€0.8 bn), slightly ahead of UBS ETF (+€0.8 bn) and State Street’s SPDR (+€0.3 bn).
Since the flows of the ten top promoters accounted for 633.49% of the overall estimated net flows into ETFs in Europe for April, it was clear that some of the 49 promoters (18) faced net outflows (-€2.5 bn in total) over the course of April.
Assets Under Management by Funds
There were 2,454 instruments (primary funds and convenience share classes) listed as ETFs in the Lipper database at the end of April. With regard to the overall market pattern, it was not surprising that the assets under management at the ETF level were also highly concentrated. Only 153 of the 2,454 instruments held assets above €1.0 bn each. These products accounted for €396.1 bn or 60.76% of the overall assets in the European ETF industry. The ten largest ETFs in Europe accounted for €104.1 bn or 15.97% of the overall assets under management. (Please read our study: Is the European ETF industry dominated by only a few funds? to learn more about the concentration at the single-fund level in the European ETF industry.)
ETF Flows by Funds
A total of 744 of the 2,454 instruments analyzed in this report showed net inflows of more than €10,000 each for April, accounting for €12.3 bn or 2,722.30% of the overall net flows. This meant in turn that the other 1,710 instruments faced no flows or net outflows for the month. In more detail only 22 of the 744 ETFs posting net inflows enjoyed inflows of more than €100 m each during April, summing to €4.2 bn. The best selling ETF for April, Vanguard S&P 500 UCITS ETF USD, accounted for net inflows of €0.6 bn or 131.49% of the overall net inflows; it was followed by iShares Core MSCI EM IMI UCITS ETF USD (Acc) (+€0.5 bn) and iShares $ Treasury Bond 3-7yr UCITS ETF USD (Dist) (+€0.2 bn).
The flow pattern at the fund level indicated that there was a lot of turnover and rotation during April, but it also showed the concentration of the European ETF industry even better than the statistics at the promoter or classification level. Since iShares was not on the list of the best selling fund promoters, it was surprising that six of the ten best selling funds for April were promoted by iShares; these accounted for total net inflows of €1.4 bn or 317.86% of the overall net inflows into the European ETF segment.